What is a routine?
“A routine is a repeatable series of events that provides a predictable structure to one’s life.” – Chris Montgomery
We all rely on routines and constantly create new ones. Why? Because making something routine actually requires our brain to use less energy and operate more efficiently. Most of us have a routines for getting ready in the morning, making our coffee, or feeding the dog. We have a routine route we take to work most days and we park in a routine place so we don’t have to think about where we left our car.
- Routines break the large segment of time that defines an activity which is part of the day into smaller more manageable segments.
- Routines provide an external structure on which to hang information and build concepts.
- Routines can provide external structure when internal structure is not intact.
- Routines require less energy and greater efficiency in terms of brain function.
By allowing for consistent, structured routines we are able to establish a framework to build upon. Through routines we learn to anticipate, which allows for less stress and better communication. Routines give meaning to actions and events, while building a memory foundation for other learning.
Some things to consider when constructing a routine:
- Represent the activity with the a symbol and name, e.g. Cookie Time routine.
- The beginning and end steps of the activity are clear to both the teacher and the student.
- The sequence of steps should be simple and predictable, especially during the initial phases of implementing the routine.
- The student should have multiple opportunities to comment or respond within the routine.
- Interactions are reciprocal between the adult and the student. Rather than teacher-driven – take turns.
- Objects and actions are used to cue responses from the student rather than verbal or tactual prompts.
- Target skills the student is currently able to perform when defining the student’s response while modeling and supporting the development of new skills.
- All features of the routine should be consistent each time it is implemented including the people, location, time and steps.
- Target vocabulary and use consistent language to develop communication skills and concepts.
- Build toward independence, but start with no demands.
Instructional Strategies Menu
- Communication Overview
- Time Concepts
- Using Calendars to Expand Concepts
- Calendars Support Social Interaction
- A Form of Literacy
- Before You Begin a Calendar
- Concept Development & Experiential Learning
- Interaction and Bonding
- Factors to Consider
- Avoid Pitfalls
- Hand Under Hand
- Building Security
- Imitative Play Strategies
- Turn-taking Play Strategies
- Be a Good Playmate
- Use Interaction to Teach
- Additional Resources
- Creating the Routine
- Experiencing Routines
- Literacy Related to Routines
- Turn-taking Games
- Level 1 Routines (Sharing the Work)
- Level 2 Routines (Participation with Support)
- Level 3 Routines (Independent)
Two types of routines:
Skills based Communication based
Thinking along the continuum
- When you are creating a routine, what is your primary purpose? Where does it lie along the skills/communication continuum?
- Sometimes you are really focused on specific skills development like learning how to dress yourself or learning a route to the cafeteria.
- Sometimes you are focused on being together and sharing an enjoyable or interesting experience such as going for a swim or playing with the pet hamster.